MALTA / MISRATA
During the civil war in Libya, cargo shipping was the only way to supply the rebel areas. very thursday the cargo Entisar left Malta full of food and medicine, collected by an NGO, to supply Misrata. Libyan businessmen, professionals and doctors who made their careers in the UK, USA and Dubai, didn't hesitate to contribute to the cause. They too used the Entisar (revolution in arabic) as transportation to go visit their relatives in Misrata. Every Sunday the Entisar returned to Malta full of injured soldiers.
TUNISIA / LAMPEDUSA ISLAND
In the last 20 years, more than 20.000 migrants have died in the Mediterranean Sea. Since 1994, in the Strait of Sicily at least 7.065 people have died along the routes that go from Libya and Tunisia to the island of Lampedusa. Mohsen Lihidheb, the postman of the Tunisian city of Zarzis, has been collecting in his yard the belongings of hundreds of shipwrecked migrants brought in by the current. On the other side of the Strait, confiscated boats piled beside the football field of Lampedusa create another involuntary monument to the fallen along the route.
MALTA / CROTONE
Since the early two thousands, Malta has also been subjected to massive disembarkations of sub/Saharian migrants. However, more than disembarkations, they are shipwrecks, considering that all of the boats were rescued by the Maltese coastguard while heading to Lampedusa. Most migrants arriving in Malta are entitled to the refugee status, but the UNHCR procedures are extremely slow and the number of certificates given annually is insignificant.
Crotone, Italy, is another main hub for asylum seekers, hosting the biggest refugee camp of Europe. Every night the docks and the train station are the only shelter for hundreds of migrants forced to come back to Crotone, where they were first registered, at every permit renewal. The renewal procedures may take months.
The migration of non/accompanied minors (MNA) is a delicate issue. In the Spanish enclave of Melilla this phenomenon has a long history. In controversial European regulations the interest for the minor clashes against the interest for the expulsion of illegal immigrants. Since they sneak through the three razor wire barriers that isolate the enclave, the Moroccan children suffer these contradictions on their skin. Once in Melilla, they all struggle to somehow get inside a ferry heading to continental Spain, in the hope of making a better living.
A similar condition is lived by the young Afghan migrants living in Patras, waiting for their chance to jump on a truck embarking to Italy. They left their homeland at an early age to escape the forced recruitment imposed by the Talibans. After a perilous journey they reach Greece, where they become victims of widespreading racism.